10 Tips for Bringing Cats & Dogs Together

By Kathy Blumenstock, Animal Planet Image

The war between cats and dogs is a topic of debate from Hollywood to hometowns. Multiple-pet owners have examples of cats that buddy up to their canine companions, of dogs chasing cats off their turf, or of the two species respectfully ignoring each other. The two don’t have to automatically “fight like cats and dogs.” Their ability to get along is shaped by their individual experiences with the other species accumulated before they are paired. Their communication styles differ too which can lead to confusion: A dog wags his tail to show happiness and eagerness to play; a cat lashes her tail to indicate displeasure or anger. You can help them to share a home by keeping each pet’s best interests and instincts in mind. Here are 10 tips.

10. Promote Puppy Love and Kitten Closeness

Because puppies and kittens have had no (bad) experiences with each other, they will get along more quickly than older pets. So it makes sense, if you are thinking of having one of each, to get them as youngsters. Growing up together, they will form a bond. However, a puppy’s play may still be a bit rough for a fragile kitten that will always be tinier than her canine mate. Always supervise their interactions, even if they are friendly: A kitten may signal that she’s finished playing but the energetic puppy could still be eager to go, and his activity may confuse her. Teach the puppy to play by chasing a toy, never his smaller feline buddy; this will ensure he grows up respecting, not pursuing, smaller animals.

9. Make the Right Match

A cat who is curious about but not fearful of dogs, and a dog who has at least a nodding acquaintance with felines are the ideal pairing. Whichever pet you’re adopting, a rescue organization or animal shelter will gladly work with you to help select the best candidate, based on the history and personality of the animal you’re choosing and the one at home.

A stray or feral cat that needs to be socialized and acclimated to indoor living can be a hazard to a resident dog, because she is accustomed to seeing dogs as the enemy, animals to be fought rather than befriended. And some dog breeds, such as terriers, hounds and herding dogs, shouldn’t live with cats. Their instincts, which drive them to catch, shake and kill prey, will endanger felines which they see as something to chase.

8. Slow That Intro

Cats are both territorial and not fond of change, so a supervised, gradual awareness of another pet is the best method for keeping the peace. Patience is a must, because the introduction phase could take anywhere from a few days to several weeks, or longer in some cases. Stick to the animals’ preferred pace, and don’t force them to be together. Speak in soft, conversational tones to both animals, and spend quality time with each in their separate spaces, not neglecting the resident pet to give the new one extra attention. Letting each animal see the other for brief periods in a neutral room and gradually increasing the exposure, will assure them that there’s room for more than one pet.

7. Meet Your (Restrained) Roomie

Keep your dog’s leash on during early meetings with your cat, so that if he becomes aggressive, even in play, you can limit his movements and calmly but firmly discipline him. If he’s trained, command him to take the “down-stay” position. Keep the cat out of the dog’s biting range, and allow her to escape the dog’s attention if she wants to (but not flee throughout your home!) You can also have the animals meet from opposite sides of a pet gate at first, but don’t allow them to touch noses or otherwise get too close until each is more accustomed to the sight of the other. Some pet owners place the cat or small dog in a carrier or crate, and let the other pet sniff and circle the confined animal. This depends largely on the disposition of the confined pet. He or she may be just fine with a stranger hovering outside, or feel trapped as the other pet investigates his or her arrival.

6. Offer a Safe Haven

The cat, whether a new arrival or current resident, should have a separate refuge of her own for at least a few days or a week, preferably in a room with a door or behind a pet gate. This area should be off-limits to the dog. Place a litter box, food and water, scratching post, toys and bed in this room. Your cat will feel more secure knowing she can get away from the unfamiliar experience of getting to know a dog. Don’t allow your canine to linger outside the room, as his presence will stress the cat and defeat the purpose of the separate space.

5. Mix Scents with Sensibility

Animals get to know one another through scent, not face-to-face meetings. Even before they see each other, you can help both pets become familiar with each other’s scent. Gently rub a T-shirt, sock, towel or washcloth over the dog, and place it near the cat’s food dish or bed. After a few days, rub the item with the dog’s scent over the cat, mingling their scents. Reverse the procedure for your dog. By offering both access to each other’s scents, you’ll make their initial meeting less stressful, as each pet will know that this other critter is not a total stranger.

4. Provide Litter Privacy, Please

Your cat’s litter box should always be in a spot where the dog cannot get at it. Invasion of her litter box will stress her out. If the dog interferes with the cat while she is doing her business, she may abandon the box and soil elsewhere in your home, where she feels less threatened.

Dogs have a disgusting habit of — ewww alert here — snacking on the contents of a cat’s litter box which they actually find very tasty (a very good reason never to kiss your dog or let him lick your face). The simplest solution to stopping this is to place the litter box where the cat can access it but the dog can’t, such as inside a space too small for the dog to enter. Or consider a covered litter box that gives the cat privacy but prevents the dog from getting in. Because cats can navigate in darkness while dogs can’t, placing the litter box in a darkened room may also work.

3. Keep Cat Claws in Trim

If the cat feels threatened or stressed, she may react and injure the dog with her primary weapon: her claws. Therefore, those claws should be trimmed to ensure that a casual swipe of the paw — an instinctive, harmless move if her claws are sheathed — won’t be disastrous for your dog, especially during their early meetings.

Declawing your cat is not a good idea. She will feel, and be, defenseless around a dog, not to mention this is a painful procedure. If you feel that even trimmed claws are not safe enough, consider nail caps, which coat the cat’s claws with blunt endings, but keep the claws intact. These vinyl coverings, attached with a nontoxic adhesive, last about four to six weeks, while the cat’s claws grow out, and do not interfere with her usual extension and retraction of her claws.

2. Offer Separate Dining Spots

Each pet should be able to eat undisturbed by the other, so set up individual feeding stations. You may want to serve the cat’s meals on an elevated surface such as a countertop or windowsill to prevent the dog from wolfing down her food as well as his own. In addition to allowing each pet to dine in peace, “separate tables” ensure that each will eat his or her own food. Cat and dog food are not nutritionally interchangeable. While most cats have zero interest in Fido’s menu, dogs find the higher protein and fat content of cat food very appetizing. Regular cat food consumption can result in a nutritional imbalance and weight gain for dogs.

1. Hope for BFFs, But Settle for Nodding Acquaintances

You may wish for the movie version of inseparable pals, but doggy devotion and kitty cordiality cannot be pushed — and animals won’t fake affection. Each brings his or her own quirks, habits and likes to the relationship. But by ensuring that your dog is well-trained in obedience, and giving the cat a high-up perch, such as a cat tree, you can create an atmosphere where friendship can blossom. The two may eventually accept one another, with minimal interaction but no animosity, or they may develop a genuine fondness for each other. If they’re both snuggling and shedding together on your bedspread, you’ll know they’ve teamed up to rule your home and heart.

Holiday Hazards

By: Henry Cerny, DVMImage

Some of the things humans enjoy can be dangerous for your dog. Unfortunately, the holidays can be a distracting time, and in a single moment of human inattention, a dog can get into and eat things she shouldn’t have.

Here’s a list of what to watch out for and keep away from your dog.

Meats, Sweets, Treats, and Chocolate               

It’s tempting to give our four-legged friends a taste or even a generous helping of what we like to eat. But remember: Some of the things we eat can cause serious illness in dogs. Ham, prime rib, and roast beef and their fat trimmings can lead to life-threatening pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas), as well as vomiting and diarrhea in dogs.

How about holiday cakes, pies and cookies? Well, maybe nothing will happen, or maybe the next morning you’ll find your dog had blowout diarrhea on your carpet from all the sugar in the sweets.

What if the dessert is sugar-free? If the artificial sweetener is xylitol, it can cause a dangerous drop in blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and severe liver damage (hepatic necrosis).

And then of course there is chocolate, which contains compounds such as theobromine and caffeine. These can cause a range of health problems, from vomiting and diarrhea to an irregular heart rhythm, seizures, and, in rare cases, death.

Avoid the temptation to give your dog any of these things and remain vigilant, as children may drop something on the floor or give a dog a treat they shouldn’t.

Alcoholic Beverages

Although most people would not intentionally give a dog alcohol, alcohol poisoning is more common than you think. Sources are not limited to beverages spilled on the floor or a glass left where your pet can reach it. Poisoning from desserts containing alcohol is also common around the holiday season.

Bread Dough

Dogs have a knack for getting into things they shouldn’t, and that bread dough you left to rise on the counter is now rising in your dog’s stomach. As the dough expands it can cause painful stomach bloat, which then may progress to gastric dilitation and volvulus (GDV), which is a twisted stomach). Bloat and GDV are life-threatening if not treated promptly.

Lights, Christmas Trees, and Electrical Cords

Whole neighborhoods are decorated with lights inside and out for the holiday season, and despite all the books written for dogs on the subject of electricity they don’t know the first thing about it.

That hanging cord or string of lights looks like it would be fun to bite and tug around, but that could result in severe burns of the mouth and tongue, as well as permanent heart damage. I once treated a dog that ended up losing three-fourths of his tongue after he bit down on an electrical cord.

Things Lurking Under the Tree

Children love toys and trinkets, of course, but some of these gifts may appear to be edible to your dog and can lead to a bowel obstruction requiring emergency surgery.

Secondhand Smoke

This is not a problem just during the holidays but year round. Besides being an irritant to your pet’s respiratory system, secondhand smoke, according to several scientific papers, has been linked to increases in nasal and lung cancers in dogs. Not only can the nicotine and toxins from the smoke be inhaled by animals; these chemicals adhere to hair and skin and can be ingested when they lick and groom themselves.

Henry Cerny, DVM, MS serves on the board of directors for the Lincoln Emergency Clinic and the Nebraska Veterinary Medical Association. He practices at Yankee Hill Veterinary Hospital in Lincoln, NE.

10 Things Your Dog Can Teach Your Child

By: Juliana Weiss-Roessler

Cesary’s Way 

A balanced pup can teach a child so much more than how to properly care for an animal.

In fact, studies have found that a pet encourages a child’s physical, social, emotional, and cognitive development. Children who have pets are more likely to have higher self-esteem, develop better social skills, and even have more friends! Who doesn’t want that for their child?

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Here are just a few of the lessons your dog can impart to your human little one.

Love and Loyalty

There are few (if any!) species on earth that boast the devotion that comes naturally to a dog. Coming home to that happy face and wagging tail every day without fail can help your child develop confidence.

Exercise

Dogs provide a wealth of opportunities for your child to get active — joining for the walk, romping around the backyard, or playing a game of fetch. They also serve as an example of why exercise is so important. Dogs need regular physical activity to stay emotionally and mentally balanced — that’s true for humans, too.

The Importance of Family

Dogs are naturally pack animals, and research shows that they bring out that instinct in humans, too. Families spend more time interacting after getting a pet. Use your dog as an opportunity to connect. Get the whole pack out for walks, playtime, and even grooming.

Reading

Can’t help your child practice reading because you have to cook dinner? No problem! Your dog can take over for awhile. Research shows that he may actually do a better job than you anyway, particularly if your child is struggling. Why? Children are more relaxed, likely because a dog is a nonjudgmental audience.

Patience and Compassion

A dog isn’t capable of all the things that humans are, and as your dog ages, she will require special care and attention. Understanding those differences can help your child learn to be patient and compassionate with those who suffer from disabilities, the elderly, and younger children.

Communication

Reading your dog’s body language can help your child pick up on non-verbal communication between humans, too. You can encourage this by taking the time to teach your child about common cues. It’s beneficial for his safety around other dogs, too.

Socialization

One study asked children what advice they had for kids who had trouble making friends. Their answer? Get a pet! Dogs encourage your child to put their communication skills to use. Since dogs serve as an easy icebreaker and a shared interest, it makes meeting new friends easier.

Trust

If your child has trouble opening up to you, he may still feel comfortable talking to his dog, providing a safe outlet for private thoughts and secrets. The trust he builds with his dog can help him eventually learn to open up to others, too.

Responsibility

The more your child is involved in the care of your animal, the more she’ll learn about responsibility. Let your child take the lead on providing for your dog’s basic needs (with your supervision, of course).

 Silliness

Sure, dogs help teach responsibility, but more importantly, they also serve as a reminder to let loose, have some fun, and live in the moment! There are few things more fun (and mood-boosting) than acting nutty with your pup.

Let’s be honest: most of these lessons are valuable for adults, too.

It’s all too easy in this busy day-and-age to lose sight of what’s really important. Take a moment to thank your pup for imparting these important life lessons to your pack — and for bringing you all back to the here and now.